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"Bueno" y "Malo"

Comparativos y Superlativos

 

 

The most common comparatives and superlatives are those involving bueno (good) and malo (bad).

- The comparative and superlative forms are "mejor" and "peor", respectively:

Este carro es bueno. This car is good.
Este carro es mejor. This car is better.
Este carro es el mejor. This car is the best.

Esta moto es mala. This motorcycle is bad.
Esta moto es peor. This motorcycle is worse.
Esta moto es la peor. This motorcycle is the worst.

- The forms "mayor" and "menor" can also be used as comparatives and superlatives when referring to age:

Juan es viejo. Juan is old. (It is nicer to say Juan es mayor o un adulto mayor)
Juan es mayor que su hermano. Juan is older than his brother.
Juan es el mayor de su familia. Juan is the oldest in his family.

Rosa es joven. Rose is young.
Rosa es menor que su hermana. Rose is younger than her sister.
Rosa es la menor de su familia. Rose is the youngest in her family.

Finally, "pésimo" is sometimes considered to be an optional superlative of malo, and "máximo" such a superlative of bueno.

Note: Máximo also means límite superior, extremo, supremo, valor mayor.

Ejemplos:

- Un peso máximo de 100 libras. A maximum weight of 100 pounds.

- El presidente es el jefe máximo. The president is the ultimte leader.

- Este es el valor máximo. This is the highest value.

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